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Types of Truck Accidents

Big truck accidents are the most dangerous sort of accident on U.S. highways. Five plus tons of steel colliding with you at any type of speed will leave your automobile and also those inside, at the very least, seriously harmed. Over the past decade, the number of large vehicle as well as 18-wheeler crashes have gradually climbed with 2017 culminating in 5,000 deaths, alone, and a lot more hurt.

But what is exactly considered a "large vehicle?" The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) defines a big truck as, “Any truck with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds.”

It is very important to keep in mind that the body make-up and car makeup do not mark a truck as a "big vehicle." Even if it does not look like your normal 18-wheeler or construction vehicle, does not mean it is not classified as a big truck. This distinction might entitle you to far more settlement money for injury and damage as trucking laws are much more strenuous than day-to-day civilian driving laws.

With a lot of weight, it is easy to see how the tiniest detail failing at moderate speeds can cause disaster for those operating the vehicle. Thankfully, vehicle behavior is relatively predictable if you understand what to look out for when traveling. If you are watchful of the caution signs, drivers around you, and the weather conditions, you can ensure your safety even when disaster strikes. 

Below are the most usual kinds of big truck accidents, just how they happen, and what you need to recognize the warning signs.

Jackknife Accidents

Designated "the jackknife" due to its obvious shape, the jackknife accident is one of the most typical big truck accidents you will see when traveling on a large highway.

The Jackknife takes place when a vehicle attempts to make a sudden and violent stop on a highway. The skidding halt creates the hitched trailers inertia to push forward on the cab and also begin to turn backward and forward wildly up until momentum takes control and also develops a 90-degree angle between the taxi and the trailer.

With any type of speed, the 18-wheeler is likely to roll over and spill whatever it is carrying across the highway and also right into the surrounding environment. Great if it is lugging a lifetime supply of Swedish fish, not so great if it is lugging jet fuel or hazardous chemicals.

Overlooking the cargo for a moment, the greatest risk in a jackknife truck accident is the swinging trailer. When the truck driver loses control of the truck’s momentum, that trailer will certainly be drifting from lane to lane until gravity brings it completely to one side. The trailer can possibly swing out as well and strike various other automobiles or swing throughout several lanes requiring drivers to make unexpected and immediate stops which can also cause a wreck.

So, we understand the appearance of a jackknife as well as the possible threats of a jackknife but why does it take place? There are a number of variables that can raise the opportunities of a big truck jackknifing:

First, extreme speeding. It takes a great deal of force to stop a large truck; the higher the speed the more pressure called for when stopping. When a driver needs to make a fast quit at high speeds, there is a bigger possibility they lose control of the truck.

Second, road problems and conditions. Anything that makes the wheels on a truck lose traction places the truck driver in extreme danger of losing control. Inclement weather conditions where roadways are slippery, excessively dry, or sleet see a three times rise in jackknife mishaps.

Third, is a light carrying load. As opposed to what you might think, having more weight in the trailer of a 18-wheeler is much safer in regard to a jackknife incident. The included weight stops the trailer from swerving back and forth.


A rollover is just as the name suggests, a vehicle toppling over under the duress of its weight in an unexpected stop. Rollovers regularly occur when a driver attempts to overcorrect their mistakes -- whether making a prompt stop or trying to recuperate after a tire slips off of the lip of the highway. When the tire spills off the lip of the pavement, the separation in between the pavement as well as the soft ground causes a rut and leaves the tire clutching at just air. When a driver tries to overcorrect too fast and jerks the wheel back on the road, the unexpected hold in grip triggers the big truck to change directions quicker and topple over.

Rollover collisions are additionally incredibly speed dependent-- a lot more so than non-rollover accidents and even a low increase in rate can be the difference between a simple skid and a fatal collision. 40% of deadly rollover accidents include excessive speeding and almost 75% of deadly crashes took place where the speed limit was published at 55mph or greater.

What makes a rollover so frightening is that when it begins to tip there is absolutely no way for the driver to restore control of the big truck. As discussed in the previous area, the heavier the load, the less likely it is to jackknife, but that included weight can make a rollover more probable. Once an 18-wheeler starts to roll, there is just one area for that freight to go: out. Particles and cargo can be tossed out onto the roads as well as damage autos, hinder judgement, and pollute the surrounding setting.

The NHTSA reports that 35% of all traffic deaths result from rollovers. The most common causes of rollovers are: speeding, aggressive driving, and also slippery roads.

Tire BlowoutsTire blowouts are one of the most avoidable mishaps on this list and, sadly, it 100% boils down to the negligence of the drivers and vehicle examiners.

It is essential to acknowledge that tire blowouts are not simply punctures; tire blowouts are the unexpected and explosive rupturing of a tire wall surface from excessive warmth and wear. The resulting surge can leave the tire rubber in shreds as well as catapulting right into nearby lanes. It can additionally obtain captured in the semi-trucks of other tires and trigger the motorist to overcorrect and result in among both mishaps currently detailed over.

We have all been driving along the freeway and seen the remains of such an event. The long, torn strips of rubber that lay swaying in the breeze from speeding by cars. Curving, black husks that a truck will leave behind like a cicada leaves behind a shell on a hot summer day. They can be so small you do not also register them, or they can be so large you are compelled to alter lanes.

Tire blowouts boil down to 2 primary corroborating factors: Failing to check tires frequently and also falling short to replace tires when needed.The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has a strenuous set of rules that truckers and trucking companies must adhere to in respect to tire care and inspection. It is an exhaustive list of rules but for the sake of brevity, I will sum it up here:

Truckers have to methodically evaluate their truck and tires after each successful trip. The vehicle should go through a pre-inspection and post-inspection. While on the road, truckers must inspect their tires at the end of each day. If any tire does not look fit to execute the rest of the journey, the vehicle might not be driven until the tire is appropriately replaced.

Underride and Override Accidents

Underride and override accidents mishaps are incredibly terrifying mishaps that can leave the top of your car completely scissored off if severe enough.

First, the difference: Override accidents are when a huge vehicle fails to drop in time and rides up onto a car in front of it. An underride accident is when a passenger vehicle collides with the trailer of a big truck and slides itself under the trailer. Generally speaking, override crashes are the mistake of the truck driver and underride accidents are the fault of the traveler vehicle, yet, as we know, not everything is so black and white. Below are several of one of the most common events that cause override as well as underride accidents.

Override accident can take place if a trucker is following too closely to an additional passenger vehicle that needs to make an abrupt stop, there is low visibility from rain or fog, the truck driver falling short to yield an access, a driver negligently altering lanes without inspecting his surroundings, brake failing, or a tire blowout.

Underride mishaps most commonly take place due to a driver following too closely to a big vehicle or bad visibility, but here are some examples of how a large truck can be liable for the accident. The vehicle does not have properly operating brake lights or tail lights, the mandated reflective tape on the trailer is unclean or otherwise visible, the underride guards are missing, the driver does not indicate altering lanes, or the vehicle driver parks on the shoulder without proper illumination.

All of these can lead to override and underride accidents and does not mean the truck driver is always liable. The trucking company can be held accountable if the mistake got on part of the large truck driver or there was a mechanical trouble with the vehicle. The passenger vehicle can be held accountable or partly accountable if it is located they were riding as well carefully or stopped as well unexpectedly.


The most common theme you will certainly see running through all these mishaps is the #1 cause in all vehicle accidents: Human error. Each crash might have a different classification or name but the unvarying variable in every crash is the individual behind the wheel. Carelessness to follow laws, neglect to evaluate cars, and also carelessness to listen to their very own body.

Exhaustion is one of the most typical sources of human error for truck drivers; about 40% of all truck crashes are attributed to exhaustion.

This, you would believe, would be the easiest to stay clear of or avoid. Who would voluntarily quit sleeping in order to drive a truck? The answer appears to be the trucking business. Trucking companies incentivize their drivers to abandon safety regulations and under sleep in order to finish deliveries much faster.

One of the most disregarded security guidelines for large truck drivers is the amount of hours for service guidelines. It mentions that a driver may only spend 10 successive hours driving and 11 overall hours on the road each day, with a minimum of 10 hours off in between shifts. Drivers can not go beyond 60 hours when driving in one week and are asked to take 34 successive hours off each week.

This break enables the drivers to sleep, gather themselves, and make the needed inspections before heading back when driving. The pressure to achieve target dates established by the trucking companies pressures these drivers to overlook many of the regulations in order to fulfill their goals to reach their incentives. Many driving pay incentives are determined by how many work you full and just how swiftly you complete them. This enhanced expectation also plays a large component in the opiate as well as prescription medicine abuse we see in the vehicle driving community. If you remain in a vehicle accident and tiredness or hrs of service policy breach are considered to be liable you can pursue the trucking firm also.


There are many different sorts of vehicle crashes. Understanding the signs can be the difference in between life and death in many cases. Observe your environments - take notice of the road problems, climate, as well as your fellow drivers. Always drive meticulously around a big vehicle and also do your ideal to remain well over or behind the truck.

If road conditions are wet or visibility is low, remember jackknife and rollover crashes and also stay well ahead or behind an associate at the very least one lane of separation. If you are alongside with a vehicle do your ideal to swiftly and also safely pass the automobile and also remember tire blowouts. If you see a huge truck swerving in between lanes or drifting off onto the lip of the roadway, promptly call the authorities; they will identify the vehicle and safely escort it off the road.

No person drives with the intent of getting into a crash and the very same is true for truck drivers. Mistakes happen and as long as you are vigilant and also conscious of your environments, you can significantly reduce your chances of finding yourself in an accident with a big vehicle.

At the Cochran Firm, our attorneys have extensive experience handling these cases.  We utilize the top trucking experts in the field as a resource to assist with and consult on these cases. And our results in these cases speak for themselves with millions of dollars recovered on behalf of our clients in verdicts and settlements.  

Let us use our proven record of success in these cases to help you recover for your injuries in an accident involving a large truck. Contact us today for your free consultation at 1-800-THE-FIRM or at visit our website

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